cliktangsel – Upaya keras untuk mengurangi polusi udara di Jabodetabek terus dilakukan. Salah satunya dengan menabur 800 kilogram (kg) garam dengan Teknologi Modifikasi Cuaca (TMC) di langit Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, dan Bekasi

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN) menerapkan Teknologi Modifikasi Cuaca (TMC) untuk menekan polusi udara di Jabodetabek dan sekitarnya. Posko TMC berada di Bandara Husein Sastranegara, Bandung, Jawa Barat., penyemaian mulai dilakukan Sabtu (19/8/2023). Penyemaian awan hampir selama 2 jam penebangan (14.15-16.00 WIB) dengan menaburkan garam semai di atas ketinggian .9000-10.000 kaki.

Menurut Koordinator Laboratorium Pengelolaan TMC BRIN, Budi Harsoyo, TMC untuk mengurangi polusi udara di wilayah Jabodetabek baru pertama dilakukan. Posko TMC dipusatkan di Bandara Lanud Husein Sastranegara Bandung.

“Sabtu kemarin sudah dilaksanakan satu sorti penerbangan dengan target penyemaian di wilayah Kabupaten Cianjur, Depok, Jakarta Selatan dan Jakarta Pusat,” ujar Budi dikutip Senin (21/8/2023).

Dia menambahkan, kegiatan TMC untuk mengurangi polutan sudah pernah dilakukan oleh beberapa negara yaitu China, Korea Selatan, Thailand, dan India. Sementara di Indonesia baru pertama kali dilaksanakan di wilayah Jabodetabek dengan menggunakan dana siap pakai BNPB (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana).

Menurut Budi, cara yang lebih efektif untuk mengurangi polutan di daerah tertentu memang dengan menjatuhkan atau mengguyurnya dengan air hujan. Namun jika hal tersebut tidak memungkinkan dilakukan, maka TMC dapat dilakukan dengan menargetkan “mengganggu” stabilitas atmosfer.

Caranya dengan menaburkan bahan semai dalam bentuk dry ice atau es kering di ketinggian tertentu di udara. Di situ terdapat semacam hamparan awan serupa karpet panjang. Hal itu terjadi karena tidak adanya perbedaan temperatur di titik ketinggian tersebut atau isotherm yang kemudian menimbulkan lapisan inversi.

“Nah, ini yang akan kita ganggu, dibuka ibaratnya, sehingga kumpulan-kumpulan polutan yang terkungkung di sekitar wilayah Jakarta bisa terus naik ke atas,” papar Budi.

32 thoughts on “Atasi Polusi Udara Jabodetabek BRIN Lakukan Modifikasi Cuaca”
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